Courts/Pretrial

At the county level, courts are the centralized authority on case processing and law enforcement.

These institutions are tasked with handling and tracking all criminal charges filed against an individual, whether resolved by dismissal or acquittal or conviction by plea or trial. The secure and accurate processing of details related to these charges is necessary, as the courts are often also tasked with forwarding information about a case to other system actors. Courts must also manage critical data related to an individual’s prior criminal and release history for appropriate risk assessments and ensure fair access to justice.


Get to know the Courts/Pretrial metrics

Metric

Description

1.1 Annual Budget – amount of annual budget of the agency 

  1. Total criminal court budget (in dollars) 

Agency Customization: How does the agency define the fiscal year? 

1.2 Total Staff number of full-time staff employed by the criminal courts 

  1. Total number of full-time staff 
  2. Optional: Number of full-time attorneys 
  3. Optional: Number of full-time supervisors 
  4. Optional: Number of full-time administrative staff 
  5. Optional: Number of full-time support/expert staff 
  6. Optional: Number of full-time other (please specify) type staff 
  7. Optional: Number of full-time staff of unknown type 

1.1 Annual Budget – amount of annual budget of the agency 

  1. Total criminal court budget (in dollars) 

Agency Customization: How does the agency define the fiscal year? 

1.2 Total Staff number of full-time staff employed by the criminal courts 

  1. Total number of full-time staff 
  2. Optional: Number of full-time attorneys 
  3. Optional: Number of full-time supervisors 
  4. Optional: Number of full-time administrative staff 
  5. Optional: Number of full-time support/expert staff 
  6. Optional: Number of full-time other (please specify) type staff 
  7. Optional: Number of full-time staff of unknown type 

2.1. Criminal Case Filings number of new criminal cases filed with the court 

  1. Total number of newly filed cases 
  2. Number of new felony cases filed 
  3. Number of new misdemeanor cases filed 
  4. Number of new infraction cases filed 
  5. Number of new cases filed with unknown case severity 

Agency Customization: How does the criminal court define a case? What agencies have the authority to file a case directly with the court? 

2.2 Cases Disposed number of cases disposed in the criminal court 

  1. Total number of cases disposed 
  2. Optional: Number of cases declined for prosecution 
  3. Optional: Number of cases dismissed 
  4. Optional: Number of cases diverted/deferred (at any stage) 
  5. Optional: Number of cases acquitted 
  6. Optional: Number of cases convicted in plea negotiation 
  7. Optional: Number of cases convicted at trial 
  8. Optional: Number of cases transferred out of the jurisdiction 
  9. Optional: Number of cases disposed by another (please specify) method 
  10. Optional: Number of cases disposed by an unknown method 

Agency Customization: How does the criminal court define a case and a disposition? 

3.1 Pretrial Release number of cases in which an individual is released while awaiting trial 

  1. Total number of cases in which a defendant is released pretrial 
  2. Optional: Number of cases in which a defendant is released on their own recognizance 
  3. Optional: Number of cases in which a defendant is released with monetary bail imposed 
  4. Optional: Number of cases in which a defendant is released to supervision or electronic monitoring 
  5. Optional: Number of cases in which a defendant is released by another (please specify) means 
  6. Optional: Number of cases in which a defendant is released with unknown release type 

Agency Customization: How does the criminal court define a case and a pretrial release? 

3.2 Sentences Imposed number of cases with a sentence imposed 

  1. Total number of cases with a sentence imposed 
  2. Optional: Number of cases with a sentence of death imposed 
  3. Optional: Number of cases with a sentence of life incarceration imposed 
  4. Optional: Number of cases with an incarceration sentence imposed (excluding life sentences and death sentences) 
  5. Optional: Number of cases with a sentence to supervision imposed 
  6. Optional: Number of cases with financial obligations imposed as sentence 
  7. Optional: Number of cases with another (please specify) sentence type imposed 
  8. Optional: Number of cases with an unknown sentence imposed 

Agency Customization: What is the criminal court’s method for recording time served? 

4.1 New Offenses While on Pretrial Release number of cases in which an individual was released pending trial and was arrested for a new offense before their initial case was disposed 

  1. Total number of cases in which a defendant was released pretrial in the prior year 
  2. Number of cases in which a defendant was released pretrial and was arrested for a new offense 

Agency Customization: What are the criminal court’s restrictions regarding pretrial detention and release? 

5.1 Sentences Imposed by Race or Ethnicity number of cases with a sentence imposed involving a defendant of a certain race or ethnicity as a percentage of cases closed involving a defendant of that race or ethnicity 

  1. Total number of cases sentenced 
  2. Total number of cases closed 
  3. Number of cases sentenced involving a White defendant 
  4. Number of cases sentenced involving a Black defendant 
  5. Number of cases sentenced involving a Hispanic/Latino defendant 
  6. Number of cases sentenced involving an American Indian or Alaska Native defendant 
  7. Number of cases sentenced involving a Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander defendant 
  8. Number of cases sentenced involving a defendant of another (please specify), multiple, or unknown race or ethnicity
  9. Number of cases closed involving a White defendant 
  10. Number of cases closed involving a Black defendant 
  11. Number of cases closed involving a Hispanic/Latino defendant 
  12. Number of cases closed involving an American Indian or Alaska Native defendant 
  13. Number of cases closed involving a Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander defendant 
  14. Number of cases closed involving a defendant of another (please specify), multiple, or unknown race or ethnicity 

Agency Customization: How does the criminal court define and record race or ethnicity?

5.2 Sentences Imposed by Gender number of cases with a sentence involving a defendant of a certain gender as a percentage of cases closed involving a defendant of that gender 

  1. Total number of cases sentenced 
  2. Total number of cases closed 
  3. Number of cases sentenced involving a male defendant 
  4. Number of cases sentenced involving a female defendant 
  5. Number of cases sentenced involving another (please specify), or unknown gender defendant 
  6. Number of cases closed involving a male defendant 
  7. Number of cases closed involving a female defendant 
  8. Number of cases closed involving another or unknown gender defendant 

Agency Customization: How does the criminal court define and record gender? 

6.1 Cases Overturned on Appeal number of cases overturned due to an appeal 

  1. Number of cases overturned due to an appeal